It is sad that Ramadan 1434 is coming to an end. May Allah accept our fasts and prayers. Ameen! Now at the end of Ramadan like every Ramadan we must determine whether or not it is a 29-day month or a 30-day month by sighting the crescent of the Shawwal moon.
There are three basic opinions/positions:
- Calculations: Use science to determine the date.
- Global moon sighting: Wait for any part of the world to sight the moon.
- Local moon sighting: Wait for your locality (region/continent) to see the moon
- Local hemisphere: If moon sighted in South America, North America accepts.
- Local continent: If moon sighted in South America, North America does not accept.
For this year’s Ramadan, the moon was reported to have been sighted in Saudi Arabia. I first learned about this from a tweet by Shaykh Muhammad al-Arefe:
غداً الخميس عيد الفطر، عيدكم مبارك، اللهم تقبل منا أجمعين.. أقول لكلٍ منكم : رب اغفر لي وله واجمعنا في جنتك.. pic.twitter.com/Kuw91hm024
— د. محمد العريفي (@MohamadAlarefe) August 7, 2013
He attached this image with that tweet of the moon sighting:
It was officially announced by the committee that the moon was indeed sighted in Saudi Arabia:
Official Decision and Announcement of the High Judiciary Council of Saudi Arabia…
Just a short time ago, Fatwa-Online was informed of the official decision and announcement of the High Judiciary Council of Saudi Arabia that since the moon of Shawwaal was sighted this evening, here in Saudi Arabia, we have completed twenty nine (29) days of Ramadhaan (1434 A.H.), in accordance with the hadeeth of the Messenger of Allaah (sal-Allaahu `alayhe wa sallam):
((Fast when you see the crescent. If it is obscured to you, then complete thirty days of Sha’baan. And break your fast when you see the crescent. If it is obscured to you then fast thirty days)), [transmitted by al-Bukhaaree and Muslim].
Subsequently, we shall be celebrating ‘Eed al-Fitr tomorrow, Thursday 8th August 2013, inshaa.-Allaah.
The interesting part is that according to the visibility report of what parts of the world can see the crescent moon does not include Saudi Arabia:
Is it possible for someone in Saudi Arabia to see the crescent with the naked eye against what the astronomical reports suggests? If this was the case, wouldn’t this be breaking news to Astronomers and scientists in this field? NASA would love to learn about this amazing phenomena.
Perhaps Allah in His wisdom and power decided to position the moon to be easily visibly to the naked eye in Saudi Arabia and not in Australia or South Africa (Which by the way scientifically had a better chance to see the moon than Saudi Arabia).
I believe Allah is all powerful and can do whatever He wants, but this has to be an amazing miracle to give Saudi Arabians the ability to see the crescent moon with the naked eye contrary to science!
NASA needs to got Saudi Arabia and check this out!